A new study conducted at the New England Aquarium finds that as climate change causes the ocean to warm, baby sharks are born smaller, exhausted, undernourished, and into environments that are already difficult for them to survive in. Lead author Carolyn Wheeler, a PhD candidate at UMass Boston, examined the effects of increased temperatures on the growth, development and physiological performance of epaulette sharks--an egg-laying species found only on the Great Barrier Reef.
Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center |
January 11, 2021
Crystal Schaff, professor of remote sensing/GIS in the School for the Environment and a member of the Landsat Science Team, talks about albedo’s importance and how satellites can be used to track changes to it over time. Schaff works with graduate and postdoctoral students to measure albedo using satellite data.
NBC 10 profiles the new Stone Living Lab, looking at how as sea level rises and storms get stronger because of climate change, researchers in Massachusetts are turning to Boston Harbor Islands for inspiration. The Stone Living Lab a major new research, education, and discovery initiative within the Boston Harbor Islands National and State Park— a one-of-a-kind collaboration between the City of Boston, UMass Boston School for the Environment, Boston Harbor Now, the National Parks of Boston, and the James M. and Cathleen D. Stone Foundation. Paul Kirshen, director of the Stone Living Lab and professor in the School for the Environment, is interviewed.
Michael Tlusty, associate professor of sustainability and food solutions in the School for the Environment, explains why seafood's health and environmental benefits make it a smart choice for American consumers in this essay for The Conversation. "The health and environmental benefits of fish make it a smart choice to buy and eat. With more people at home because of the pandemic, this is a good time to explore recipes and enjoy this nutritionally important food," he writes.
According to researchers, genetic material reveals a unique opportunity to investigate harmful chemicals inside the hardened shells of mussels. By studying responses to compounds, such as synthetic estrogen, at the genomic level, scientists have developed a tool that can determine if a group of chemicals is present, expanding the search for pollutants and acting as a warning system for monitoring efforts, according to Helen Poynton, an associate professor of molecular ecotoxicology in the School for the Environment. “These types of molecular tools, we’re hoping, can provide a head start and say, ‘Look, it looked like something is brewing here. We need to evaluate this further,’” said Poynton.
UMass Boston doctoral candidate Courtney Humphries writes about Yakeel Quiroz, a neuroimaging researcher at Mass General Hospital who has spent more than two decades studying an extended Colombian family with a genetic mutation that causes a devastating younger-onset version of Alzheimer's disease.
Researchers at UMass Boston’s Sustainability Solutions Lab have found that sentiments about impacts from climate change — and the level of preparedness to handle them — are inconsistent across population groups. Paul Watanabe and Lorena Estrada-Martinez discuss their findings in a recent report: “Views that Matter: Race and Opinions on Climate Change of Boston Area Residents.”
Lorena Estrada-Martínez, an assistant professor of public health in the School for the Environment, and Paul Watanabe, professor of political science and director of the Institute for Asian American Studies, discuss a new report released by the Sustainable Solutions Lab on attitudes around climate change among different racial groups in Massachusetts.
Kenneth Reardon, director of UMass Boston’s Graduate Program of Urban Planning and Community Development, said urban areas are often warmer than the surrounding places because buildings absorb heat. “Low-income people of color are at a greater risk,” Reardon said. “They tend to be in concentrated areas of our city which have older housing stock, and less likely to have heating, air conditioning, ventilation systems that are up to snuff.”
With a grant from the National Park Service's National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, Nick Smith, an assistant professor in Texas Tech University's Department of Biological Sciences, and Jeff Licht, an adjunct professor in UMass Boston's School for the Environment, are beginning important research to determine whether the Concord pitch pines' defense mechanisms can fend off a far more ominous threat, the southern pine beetle.